Komorebi Post- “Usually I try to study when I first arrive home after school but when my mom is busy doing other house stuff; I have to study at night mostly using the candle light to be able to see.” Said Ahmad Azzam, 9 years old, third grade student from Gaza. Ahmad dreams about being an astronaut in the future
The reason behind that according to his mother Shaimaa Azzam, is the wonderful geography teacher, who dedicates extra time to his students to discuss astronomy, talk about the moon and the stars. She adds: “my Ahmad is a really smart kid and he tries to learn a lot from his teacher, Although I can’t get him his requested telescope, but I hope to see him achieving his dream in the future and be able to travel to learn about whatever he wishes for outside.”
The number of students who attend schools, is impressive considering the difficulties and challenges to reach and attend schools, and then to work on homework’s due to scarcity of electricity. According to the Palestinian Ministry of Education one million three hundred thousand student overcoming challenges and attend schools in Palestine. Literacy rates are highest in the Gaza Strip, with a literate population of 96.8 percent, compared to 96 percent in the West Bank.
Obstacles in education in Gaza Stripe
Palestinian schools are not only schools, they became shelters for kids, mothers, families and the whole neighbored during Israeli strikes. In 2014, seven schools were destroyed and 252 were seriously damaged. The lack of number of schools forced the vast majority of public and UNRWA schools around 94 percent operate on a double-shift basis, hosting one students in the morning and a different group in the afternoon. The classes are overcrowded with students eager to learn with only half of the hours of a school day. Additionally, basic school supplies including; textbooks, pencils, lab equipment, computers, and paper are hard to get access to due to the blockade. Over 160,000 children in Gaza are estimated to be in need of continuous psychosocial support, which impacts education greatly. Teachers try to use computers and recordings, but electrical outages mean that often they must teach orally.
Early Marriages and education
Education for girls is especially costly in part because of the economic crises. With Gaza Stripe occupying the highest rate of early female marriage was 42.1 percent according to Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) in 2018.
Talah Salem, is a little girl from Rafah. she has many dreams for the future is and well known at her school. She has high marks, beautiful and polite, but her chances to leave school when she gets to high school are extremely high. Both of her older sisters left school to get married. She explains, that her family can’t afford educational expenses thus marriage is a solution from high life expenses.
Figure 3Talah Salem.