Kenya wildlife ;endangered species
Kenya is a beautiful home whose wildlife sector makes it worth to pay a visit. With different tourist attractions like wildlife, physical features, and museums, you wouldn’t want to miss a trip here during your holidays.
However, several issues have started giving the tourism sector a reason to worry about. One of the worst problems is the presence of endangered species. If no action is taken, some species may be extinct within a short period.
Here is a list of the most endangered species in Kenya.
- Black Rhinoceros
According to the IUCN, (International Union of Conservation of Nature), the Black Rhinoceros have been classified as endangered. Even though the White Rhinoceros is also a rare species in Kenya, they have a much better population than the black ones. Currently, there are about 4, 000 Black Rhinoceros only in the world.
- The African Lion
The African lion is the most vulnerable species in Kenya. You can come across lions when you visit areas in Kenya like the Great Rift Valley. The Maasai Mara National Parks is one of the regions with lions. However, there are about 2,000 lions in Kenya.
- The African Elephant
Since the 1990s, elephants have been classified as endangered species. However, after a keen crackdown on illegal ivory business in Kenya, elephants are safer. Most elephants are in found in the South West and Central regions of Kenya. You can also see them at the Shimba Hills National Reserve.
There are about 700 cheetahs in Kenya and about 7000 population of cheetahs in the whole world. This shows how cheetahs are not only endangered in Kenya but also in other parts of the world. In Kenya, most Cheetahs are killed by farmers who try to protect their cattle. You can find cheetahs in both South-Western and Central parts of Kenya.
- Grevy Zebra
You will find this species of zebra in Kenya and Ethiopia. However, the Gravy zebras have been marked as endangered because their total population is about 2,000 with only 750 in the breading age. You can find these zebras near Lake Turkana and the Central parts of Kenya
What causes endangered species in Kenya?
There are different causes of animals being endangered as discussed below.
- Human encroachment
People have invaded near different wildlife territories which have led to endangering the wild animals living near that place. The problem of human invasion in such areas is that it exposes the lives of people to danger. This may cause people to be forced to kill individual animals that attempt to move near their homes. According to the director general of the Kenya Wildlife Service, 40% of the original wildlife space has been occupied by human beings.
There is bush-meat trade among members who live near wildlife habitats. Most traders acquire wild meat illegally which affects the species being targeted.
Wildlife is one of the best things that have improved the Kenyan tourism. If the endangered species are taken care of, there will be no need to worry about the extinction of certain animal species in the future.