Public Health England has announced that diagnosis figures for HIV continue to fall as they meet the Joint United Nation Program targets of 90 percent for diagnosis, treatment and transmission for the first time in the U.K. (90/90/90) which had been set for 2020.
Between 2016 – 17 there was a 17 percent downward trend in new diagnoses within the U.K. with the spread amongst the male gay and bisexual community reducing.
92 percent of those living with HIV in the U.K. are diagnosed.
98 percent of those with a diagnosis are receiving treatment.
97 percent are receiving treatment that inhibits the transmission of HIV.
4,373 new cases of HIV were diagnosed in the U.K. in 2017. Men accounted for 3,236 of those and most were late stage diagnosis.
HIV in the U.K.
Estimates suggest that between 89,400 and 101,200 people are living in the U.K. with HIV. It is suspected that 10,400 of those individuals are undiagnosed and do not know they are living with the condition. 40 percent of those with a diagnosis live in London, with the highest concentration (1.7 percent of the population) in Lambeth.
Proportionately, men who have sex with men, and black African people are more likely to be affected by HIV.
The current issues
Late diagnosis continues to be the biggest factor driving death rates from HIV/AIDS. With 442 people dying of AIDS related illnesses in 2016 and 428 in 2017. Once diagnosis has taken place and treatment is implemented, HIV positive individuals have the same death rate as the rest of the population, but early diagnosis remains key.
Knowledge and awareness of HIV is dropping in the U.K., a survey showed that statistically only 45 percent of the population could accurately identify how HIV is and isn’t transmitted from person to person.
Publicity has fallen about HIV and AIDS within the U.K. over recent years, and good outcomes achieved, but public information has to be maintained to encourage early diagnosis and treatment, and ensure that the ongoing spread remains in decline.